Western Australian Women at a Glance
This chapter showcases some of the indicators in this report's four focus areas: leadership, economic independence, safety and justice, and health and wellbeing. Some of data is presented in infographics and provides a snapshot of the more detailed data and information in each area.
The proportion of women in the WA public sector's Senior Executive Service (SES) increased from 20.5% in 2003 to 31.7% in 2015.
The proportion of female Directors on ASX 200 boards remained at about 8% from 2002 to 2010. Between 2010 and 2012 it increased to 12%.
Between 2003 and 2015, the representation of women in leadership roles in local government increased, however representation declined with seniority and remains low at senior levels
- Management Tier 1 - 2.8% in 2003 to 12.3% in 2015
- Management Tier 2 - 14.2% in 2003 to 33% in 2015
- Management Tier 3 - 25.7% in 2003 to 42.8% in 2015.
The proportion of female members on all WA Government Boards and Committees was 43.6% in 2015.
The proportion of women in the Western Australian Parliament remained relatively steady in the Legislative Assembly between 1996 and 2013 at about 22% and doubled in the Legislative Council from 20.1% to 41.7%.
In 2012, seven (3.5%) ASX 200 companies had a female Chief Executive Officer (CEO) compared with four (2%) companies in 2002.
Women's labour force participation rate increased from 43% in 1978 to 61% in 2014.
Over the period 1979 to 2014, approximately 40% of women in the workforce worked part-time.
In 2013-14, women's average superannuation balances were 38% less than men's, $83,110 compared with $134,800.
The proportion of females enrolled in vocational education courses in engineering and related technology fields remained steady between 2006 and 2014 at about 8%.
Between 2002 and 2014, women comprised over 55% of university enrolments.
In 2014, the gender pay gap for full time employees in WA was 25.4% compared with 18.5% nationally.
In 2011, women comprised 80% of the employees in the health care and social assistance industry and 72% of the education and training sector.
In 2011, women comprised less than 25% of the workforce in the construction; mining; manufacturing; transport, postal and warehousing; and electricity, gas, water and waste services industries.
Between 2005 and 2014 more than 70% of women used flexible work arrangements to care for children. Over the same period, the percentage of men who used flexible work arrangements to care for children increased from 30.8% to 44.3%.
Safety and justice
In 2014, the proportion of sexual assaults committed against females was 92.2%.
In 2013, the proportion of sexual assault cases which resulted in proceedings against an offender was 16.2%.
The rate of female offenders per 100,000 of population decreased steadily from 1085.6 in 2008-09 to 644.6 in 2013-14.
The number of reported incidents of family and domestic violence against a female rose from 3,600 in 2008-09 to 11,374 in 2014-15 and the proportion of female victims remained relatively constant at around 75%.
The number of sexual harassment claims made to the Equal Opportunity Commission by females decreased between 2009-10 and 2014-15, notably from 66 in 2012-13 to 32 in 2014-15.
The proportion of female police officers in the WA Police increased from 15% in 2003 to 22% in 2015.
Health and wellbeing
Dialysis continued to be the leading cause of hospitalisation for women in WA, with the rate per 1,000 women increasing from 40.2 in 2002 to 54.8 in 2014.
The percentage of women in WA receiving treatment for mental health issues rose from 7.8% in 2012 to 10.9% in 2013.
The proportion of WA women participating in cervical cancer screening declined from 64% in 1997-98 to nearly 56% in 2012-13.
The proportion of WA women participating in breast cancer screening increased from 57% to 60% between 2000-01 and 2012-13.
The median age of WA mothers gradually increased from 30.2 years in 2003 to 30.6 years in 2014, and continued to be lower than the national median age of 30.9 years in 2014.
Female life expectancy increased from 81.9 years in 1998 to 84.8 years in 2014.
The prevalence of births by caesarean increased, from 15.6% of all births in 1986 to 33.9% in 2011.
Between 2003 and 2015, over 45% of WA women did not exercise enough.
Heart disease was the leading cause of death among WA women between 2007 and 2014.